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Explore Locations in Italy | Ariccia

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Ariccia

How To Reach

By car: take Via Appia Nuova (SS 7), 28 km from Rome, going south. At the entrance to Ariccia, follow the signs for parking at the foot of the Monumental Bridge, where you can take an elevator with a panoramic view of Chigi Park to easily reach Piazza di Corte, the historic centre and the Fraschette area. Alternatively, you can find a place to leave your car in one of the many available parking lots in the city. All parking spots are subject to payment for non-residents.

By train and/or bus: Ariccia is easily reachable by public transport too: from Roma Termini Station, take the regional train to Albano Laziale (departure every hour, www.trenitalia.com, journey time approximately 50 minutes). Leaving the Albano Laziale station, go up the stairway that crosses a park to reach the Appia Nuova (this segment called Corso Matteotti); continue to the right and after a 15–20 minute walk, skirting the tomb of the Oriazi and Curiazi from above and crossing the Monumental Bridge with a view of Chigi Palace and the Church of the Assumption, you will reach Ariccia. On the Appia Nuova you can also find a minibus-shuttle that connects Albano, Ariccia and Genzano (about three trips per hour). As an alternative to the train, you can take the Cotral buses departing from Anagnina, the last stop of Metro A, toward Velletri (about two departures per hour, www.cotralspa.it); in this case it is better to get off at Albano Laziale and take the minibus-shuttle that leaves from the same square or continue on foot (see above); since the Monumental Bridge has been closed to heavy vehicles, the Cotral bus stop in the Ariccia city centre has been suspended.

Info

To visit Ariccia you should allow at least a full day. Under the heading "Itineraries", you will find our suggested tours, divided into three categories: EXPLORE Ariccia/Not to be missed/For the most curious. For some sets of monuments, in addition to the main tab, detailed tabs can also be found under "Find out more". Please note that most of the PDFs available under the heading "Find out more" are part of the census of the artistic and architectural heritage of the Municipality of Ariccia, led in 2011 by the architect Francesco Petrucci.

For the opening hours of Chigi Palace and the possibility of visiting other monuments, see the corresponding files. Churches are normally closed between about 12.30 and 15.30.

We suggest complementing a visit to Ariccia with some sampling of its famous porchetta (see also Where to eat) or with an excursion on foot in the surrounding areas (see Excursions).

Ariccia is a sister city with
Amgal (Arab Democratic Republic of Saharawi)
Cournon d'Auvergne (France)
Lichtenfels (Germany)

Contact

Comune di Ariccia
Street: Piazza della Repubblica, 1
City: Ariccia (RM) - 00040
Tel: +39 06 93 48 51 (centralino)

Per informazioni riguardanti la visita turistica, rivolgersi a Palazzo Chigi.

Historical background | Ariccia

Ancient Aricia was a famous pre-Roman city and an important member of the Latin League due to the presence of the Sanctuary of Diana on its land, one of the three main places of worship of the confederation of Latin peoples. The hegemonic ambitions of the Etruscans toward southern Lazio came to a close at the end of the 6th century BCE with the famous battle of Aricia.

The city took part in the battle of Lake Regillus (c. 496 BCE) after the defeat of the Latin League as stipulated in the Foedus Cassianum (493 BCE). Following the refurbishment of the Via Appia starting in 312 BCE, the town moved from the top of the acropolis (the current Historical Centre) towards the valley, which started being populated with tabernae (shops), warehouses, temples, public buildings and markets, all revolving around a Forum, whose arch, "Basto del Diavolo" (Devil’s packsaddle), was one of the entrances and is still standing today. Many Aricini were awarded important public offices in Rome. Moreover, Augustus’ maternal family was originally from Aricia.

Despite being severely affected by the decadence of the Roman Empire, Aricia survived the assaults of the Vandals, but by the turn of the fifth century CE it succumbed to the barbarian hordes that looted and attacked the Roman countryside, and later the Saracen raids. The local population slowly moved back towards the acropolis and the upstream areas.

In 981 CE Ariccia became a fief of the powerful family of the Counts of Tusculum, and it went then to the Malabrancas. They promoted important fortification works, choosing the area today occupied by Chigi Palace to build a defensive tower to the northern entrance, facing the current Via dei Laghi, which became the main entrance to the town due to the abandonment of the Appia Antica. Later, the land tenure went from the Malabrancas to several religious orders, namely the monks of Saint Anastasius, Tre Fontane, the Colonna papal family and the Order of Grottaferrata, but only decaying ruins remained to recall its ancient splendour.

In 1473 Ariccia was acquired by the Savelli family. They launched the reconstruction of the destroyed town, providing it with services, adequate fortifications and – starting at the beginning of the 16th century – the erection of the baronial palace. After being purchased by the Chigi family in 1661, the village underwent a complete transformation under Gian Lorenzo Bernini. The brilliant architect not only redesigned the Palazzo, designed the Piazza di Corte and built the Assunta complex, the Stalloni and the Porta Napoletana, but he also reorganized internal roads and oversaw the redevelopment of construction in the city. The recent refurbishment of the square has allowed for the modern needs of the town and its citizens while restoring the architectural value of the precious complex.

In 1854 the Monumental Bridge was inaugurated, commissioned by Pius IX (1846–78). It is considered one of the most magnificent works of engineering of the Pontifical State.

Ariccia is also known worldwide as the land of porchetta (boneless pork roast). You can find shops and taverns (fraschette) that offer this classic product all over Ariccia. The secret of its recipe dates back more than 26 centuries: thus, the porchetta of Ariccia was no less famous in Roman times (when it was called ventre falisco) than it is now.

Prepared by

Museo Senza Frontiere (Saverio Capozzi) sulla base di materiale fornito da:
Arch. Francesco Petrucci; © Museum With No Frontiers (MWNF).

EXPLORE with MWNF | Ariccia

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